Ballroom dancing is done with a partner and this is why it is known as a social dance. There are International Ballroom (Standard) and International Latin style dances that can be performed competitively.  This beautiful form of art still continues to add new dances and variations as well as the specific steps and patterns. Ballroom dance can actually be applied to any kind of music as long as it has an even pattern of beats; the 2 main types of music normally accompanied are those in 3/4 or 4/4. The history of ballroom dates back to the early nineteenth century when the Waltz became popular and modern ballroom originated from the 20th century where the adopted closed dance movements were opened and separated into independent movements which led to the introduction of the Fox trot, Tango and Two-step. Important aspects of ballroom dance performance are poise, the hold of the frame, posture, expression, timing, presentation and floorcraft. The five international standard ballroom dances are: Waltz, Tango, Viennese Waltz, Foxtrot and Quickstep.

  • Waltz- this dance style is famously romantic as the dancing couple seem to slide and glide across the floor. The Waltz dates back to the 18th century where it has been adapted from Austrian folk-dance. It has also been nicknamed the ‘slow’ or ‘English’ waltz and adopts primarily closed position when performed.
  • Tango- this ballroom dance broke away from its Argentinian origins to follow European influences in style and execution of the dance.
  • Viennese Waltz-this is actually the original form of the Waltz. The dance known as the Waltz today is slower than the Viennese Waltz which consists only of turns and change steps. This elegant dance takes its name from the Viennese dance halls where it became popular in the 19th century.
  • Foxtrot- this is one of the more challenging of the 5 international competitive ballroom dances and is distinguished by its long flowing movements across the dance floor. It’s a smooth and sophisticated dance that was developed in the 1920s.
  • Quickstep-this dance is an evolution of the Foxtrot and Charleston but is quite different in performance today with one of the main difference being its faster tempos.